What is Agile Software Development?
Agile software development is a set of practices based on collaboration between cross-functional, self-organizing teams, their customers, and end users. Agile methodologies emphasize adaptive planning, evolutionary development, early deployment, and continuous improvement, leading to in rapid but flexible response to change.
Agile software development is based on a set of values and guidelines, such as the Agile Manifesto, which focus on:
- People instead of processes and tools
- Useful software instead of extensive documentation
- Collaboration with customers instead of contract negotiations
- Adapting to change instead of sticking to a plan
Agile practices are expected to provide a useful, flexible method to deal with software development that can be adapted to the needs of a particular project. They can be used to develop a wide variety of software, including web applications, mobile applications, and embedded systems, and are particularly well-suited to rapidly changing or uncertain settings.
There are several commonly used agile development approaches including: Scrum, Extreme Programming (XP), Lean Software Development, Kanban, Feature-Driven Development (FDD), and Crystal
However, while these agile development strategies share many similarities, they also have some unique characteristics and approaches. Teams can choose one of these methods as a framework for their work, or they can mix parts from several methodologies to develop a unique strategy that works best for their project.